|Michael Sullivan Online|
Work function of (8,0) single-walled boron nitride nanotube at the open tube end
Jia Zhang, Kian Ping Loh, Mu Deng, Michael B. Sullivan, Jianwei Zheng and Ping Wu
J. Appl. Phys., 2006, 99, 104309.
Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore, 3 Science Drive 3, Singapore 117543, Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore S117576, Institute of High Performance Computing, Capricorn, Singapore Science Park II, Singapore 117528
Received 8 December 2005; accepted 14 March 2006; published online 26 May 2006
The effects of hydrogen (H) and fluorine (F) chemisorption on the work function () and polarization field of (8,0) boron nitride nanotubes (BNNT) have been investigated using periodic density functional theory. The binding energies of coadsorbed H and F atoms on B and N sites in BNNT are much higher than that of single adsorption case. The work function at the open tube end can be affected by adsorption on the tube wall due to changes in the macroscopic polarization field along the tube, as well as the shifting of the Fermi level. Among the various adsorption patterns on the wall, we found that adsorption of H,F pairs, or H,H pairs, on the tube wall to form a continuous, armchair chain along the tube axis, produces strong enhancement of the intrinsic polarization field. With wall adsorption of (H,H) pairs, the at the B terminal becomes 3.25 eV, compared with 5.40 eV of the pristine tube, and with (H,F) pairs wall adsorption, the at the B terminal is reduced to 3.56 eV.